Additional Permaculture Principles & Flower





Explanation

Mollison's Principles
"The only ethical decision is to take responsibility for our own existence and that of our children."  Bill Mollison


Permaculture, a Designer's Manual

Work with nature rather than against it.
Work with nature rather than agaisnt the natural elements and forcces of nature so that wew assist rather than impede natural developements eg. rather than pulling up weeds like nettles, etc. harvest them and make tea, soup, etc.
The problem is the solutionEverything works both ways. It is how we see things that makes them advantageous or not. I love the ways of reframing in this article here - "There is no bad weather only bad clothing" -> the problem of bad weather becomes the solution of warm clothing.
Make the least change for the greatest possible effect

The 80/20 principle is a good example of this.
The yield of a system is theoretically unlimited
The yield of the system is only limited by the imagination and information of the designer.

Everything gardens
 Everything gardens or modifies its environment (has an effect on its environment) e.g. a bird
1. collects materials to construct a nest
2. eats insects and grubs
3. eats berries and excretes the seeds
4. drops feathers
5. gives off heat
6. sings
7. lays eggs and raises offspring

Great examples of all the following principles here
Introduction to Permaculture
Relative location
Every element or separate component in a design is placed in relationship to another so that they can assist each other. Designing being aware that all elements have inputs and outputs means we can create a relationship where the outputs of one element can feed into the inputs another elements.

Each element performs many functions
An efficient design will try and use all the properties of an element within the design. This involves fully knowing all the functions that an element can serve and then locating the element accordingly or selecting a more appropriate element.
Each important function is supported by many elements

Efficient energy planning: zone, sector and slope

Using biological resources

Cycling of energy, nutrients, resources

Small-scale intensive systems; including plant stacking and time stacking

Understand and use accelerating succession and evolution

Understand and use edge effects

Attitudinal principle: permaculture is information and imagination-intensive

Attitudinal principle: everything works both ways




Permaculture Flower

The seven domains of permaculture action .  The ethics and design principles thinking are applied to these seven domains to create a sustainable culture.
Land & Nature Stewardship
Work with nature rather than against her eg. forest gardening; seed saving; organic agriculture, wild harvesting, etc.
Building
Infrastructure can enhance our way of life while minimising long-term impact eg. water harvesting; passive solar design, pattern language, natural materials, etc.
Tools & Technology
Human ingenuity used to transform energy from our environment to more useful resources eg. bicycles; fuels from organic waste; hand tools, reuse & creative recycling, co-generation, etc.
Education & Culture
Becoming more active and encouraging creativity by redefining how we learn eg. home schooling; action learning, social ecology, etc.
Health & Spiritual Well-Being
Taking more responsibility for our own well-being eg. breastfeeding; holistic medicine; indigenous cultural revival; tai chi & other spiritual disciplines, dying with dignity, etc.
Finances & Economics
Reducing reliance on the fragile monetary economy by using alternative exchange systems eg. local/regional currencies; WOOFing; car share, ethical investment, etc.
Land Tenure & Community Governance
Develop new ways to provide access to land and govern our comunities eg. cooperatives; ecovillages; consensus decision making, etc.

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